Write short notes on alkenes and alkynes

Alkenes may be defined as follows:

An unsaturated hydrocarbon in which two carbon atoms are bonded by a double bond is called an alkene.

The general formula of alekenes is CnH2n, where not is the number of carbon atoms in a molecule of an alkene i.e., not is an integral number greater than 1, viz., not = 2, 3, 4……

Alkynes may be defined as follows:

An unsaturated hydrocarbon in which two carbon atoms are bonded to each other by a triple (≡) bond is called an alkyne. The general formula of alkynes is CnH2n-2, where not is the number of carbon atoms in a molecule of alkyne i.e., not is an integral number greater than 1 viz., n = 2, 3…