What are the various advantages of Branch Banking ?



Advantages of Branch Banking

Rapid growth and wide popularity of branch banking system in the 20th century are due to various advantages as discussed below.

1. Economies of Large Scale Operations:

Under the branch banking system, the bank with a number of branches possesses huge financial resources and enjoys the benefits of large-scale operations,

(a) Highly trained and experienced staff is appointed which increases the efficiency of management,

(b) Division of labour is introduced in the banking operations which ensures greater economy in the working of the bank. Right persons are appointed at the right place and specialisation increases,

(c) Funds are made available liberally and at cheaper rates,

(d) Foreign exchange business is done economically,

(e) Large financial resources and wider geographical coverage increases public confidence in the banking system.

2. Spreading of Risk:

Another advantage of the branch banking system is the lesser risk and greater capacity to meet risks,

(a) Since there is geographical spreading and diversification of risks, the possibility of the failure of the of the bank is remote,

(b) The losses incurred by some branches may be offset by the profits earned by other branches,

(c) Large resources of branch banks increase their ability to face any crisis.

3. Economy in Cash Reserves:

Under the branch banking system, a particular branch can operate without keeping large amounts of idle reserves. In time of the need, resources can be transferred from one branch to another.

4. Diversification on Deposits and Assets:

There is greater diversification of both deposits and assets under branch banking system because of wider geographical coverage,

(a) Deposits are received from the areas where savings are in plenty,

(b) Loans are extended in those areas where funds are scarce and interest rates are high. The choice of securities and investments is larger in this system which increases the. safety and liquidity of funds.

5. Cheap Remittance Facilities:

Since bank branches are spread over the whole country, it is easier and cheaper to transfer funds from one place to another. Inter-branch indebtedness is more easily adjusted than inter-bank indebtedness.

6. Uniform Interest Rates:

Under branch banking system, mobility of capital increases, which in turn, brings about equality in interest rates. Funds are transferred from areas with excessive demand for money to areas with deficit demand for money. As a result, the uniform rate of interest prevails in the whole area; it is prevented from rising in the excessive demand area and from falling in the deficit demand area.

7. Proper Use of Capital:

There is proper use of capital under the branch banking system. If a branch has excess reserves, but no opportunities for investment, it can transfer the resources to other branches which can make most profitable use of these resources.

8. Better Facilities to Customers:

The customers get better and greater facilities under the branch banking system. It is because of the small number of customers per branch and the increased efficiency achieved through large scale operations.

9. Banking Facilities in Backward Areas:

Under the branch banking system, the banking facilities are not restricted to big cities. They can be extended to small towns and rural as well as underdeveloped areas,. Thus, this system helps in the development of backward regions of the country.

10. Effective Control:

Under the branch banking system, The Central bank than have a more efficient control over the banks because it has to deal only with few big banks and nor with each individual branch. This ensures better implementation of monetary policy.